In any research paper, you will have used information from other sources, and it is essential to use in text citations to accredit other researchers. Most of your introduction, and much of your discussion, involve building upon the research of others, placing your research project in the context of previous findings in the field. It is perfectly acceptable to quote the work of others and, in fact, it is essential that you do so.

Occasionally, you will use direct quotes from another source, but most of the time you will be paraphrasing the work. You will need to create a bibliography or reference list of all of the sources that you use, but you will also need to indicate within the text where your information came from.

Referencing is an essential part of writing any research paper, so err on the side of caution. Common knowledge does not need to be referenced, and you can assume that any reader is fairly knowledgeable about the field.

It is important to properly and appropriately cite references in scientific research papers in order to acknowledge your sources and give credit where credit is due. Science moves forward only by building upon the work of others. There are, however, other reasons for citing references in scientific research papers. Citations to appropriate sources show that you've done your homework and are aware of the background and context into which your work fits, and they help lend validity to your arguments. Reference citations also provide avenues for interested readers to follow up on aspects of your work -- they help weave the web of science. You may wish to include citations for sources that add relevant information to your own work or that present alternate views.

This section will provide information in relation to different styles approved by Pezzottaite Journals for researchers to cite published information and to submit those manuscripts or articles with us for review and publication.