It is Pezzottaite Journals Editorial Policy to welcome submissions for consideration which are original and not under consideration for any other publication at the same time.

All authors should be aware of the importance of presenting content that is based on their own research and expressed in their own words. Plagiarism is considered to be bad practice and unethical. As part of the Pezzottaite Journals Copyright Policy, we have prepared these guidelines to assist authors in understanding acceptable and unacceptable practice. Our approach is specifically aimed at promoting and protecting authors' work.

Types of Plagiarism

Verbatim Copying

Verbatim copying of more than 10 per cent (or a significant passage or section of text) of another person's work without acknowledgement, references or the use of quotation marks.


Improper paraphrasing of another person's work is where more than one sentence within a paragraph or section of text has been changed or sentences have been rearranged without appropriate attribution. Significant improper paraphrasing (more than 10 per cent of a work) without appropriate attribution is treated as seriously as verbatim copying.

Re-Using Parts of Work Without Attribution

Re-use of elements of another person's work, for example a figure, table or paragraph without acknowledgement, references or the use of quotation marks. It is incumbent on the author to obtain the necessary permission to reuse elements of another person's work from the copyright holder.

Self Plagiarism

Pezzottaite Journals requires that all authors sign a copyright form that clearly states that their submitted work has not been published before. If elements of a work have been previously published in another publication, including Pezzottaite Journals publication, the author is required to acknowledge the earlier work and indicate how the subsequent work differs and builds upon the research and conclusions contained in the previous work. Verbatim copying of an author's own work and paraphrasing is not acceptable and we recommend that research should only be reused to support new conclusions.

We recommend that authors cite all previous stages of publication and presentation of their ideas that have culminated in the final work, including conference papers, workshop presentations and listserv communications. This will ensure that a complete record of all communication relating to the work is documented.

Republication of Original work

Original work is published in Pezzottaite Journals with a small number of exceptions only. These exceptions include conference papers. These papers are republished at the discretion of the Editor. The original work is fully and correctly attributed and permission from the appropriate copyright holder obtained. Attributions will be added to archive content that has been found to have been republished in Pezzottaite Journals in the past.


References to other publications must be in Harvard style for Pezzottaite Journals. All references should be carefully checked for completeness, accuracy and consistency. You should include all author names and initials and give any journal title in full. 

When referring to ideas or research by another author, you should cite publications in the text using the first named author's name in one of two ways:

  • The value of individualism emphasizes an 'I' orientation (Wheeler, 2002)
  • Or

  • Wheeler (2002) states that the value of individualism emphasizes an 'I' orientation.

When copying a part of a sentence verbatim, always use quotation marks and correctly cite the original author.

For example:

  • Wheeler (2002) states that "the value of individualism emphasizes an 'I' orientation".

When copying a section of text verbatim, always indent the paragraph. For example:

  • Wheeler (2002) asserts that:

    Masculinity / femininity are another important value that relates to differences between cultures. In strongly masculine societies, the dominant values in society are material success and progress, and men are supposed to be assertive, ambitious, and tough. In feminine societies, the dominant values are caring for others, and people and warm relationships are important.

If no author is given, use 'Anon'.

At the end of the paper, a reference list in alphabetical order should be supplied as per ‘MLA 7th Edition Quick Reference’, ‘MLA Citation Style’, ‘Harvard Business School Citation Guide’, ‘APA (6th Edition) Referencing’, or ‘References Bibliography’ guidelines. Refer ‘Manuscript Formatting & Style’ for more information.

If an author name is not given, begin with the title of the cited work.

Plagiarism Detection & Handling

The peer-review process is at the heart of the success of academic publishing. As part of our commitment to the protection and enhancement of the peer-review process, Pezzottaite Journals has an obligation to assist the community in all aspects of publishing ethics, especially in cases of (suspected) duplicate submission or plagiarism.

We take their concerns regarding plagiarism issues very seriously, and we would like to address this need, but it is important to point out that simple or imminent solutions do not exist. We will investigate new ways of detecting plagiarism and are exploring the effectiveness of plagiarism-detection software.

Investing in Plagiarism - Detection Software

We are committed in continuing our efforts to handle plagiarism. A workable software solution for plagiarism detection can lower the burden on our editors and pay off in terms of resources required to detect plagiarism. We recognize this burden and are committed to searching for the best solutions. We already have world class licensed software’s serving the purpose for us.

Cases of suspected plagiarism (or duplicate submission) are rarely limited to the same journal or publisher. More often than not, multiple journals and publishers are involved. Software solutions, therefore, ideally require cooperation between (all) publishing houses. Pezzottaite Journals will avail the service of CrossCheck.

CrossCheck powered by iThenticate, is an initiative started by CrossRef to help its members actively engage in efforts to prevent scholarly and professional plagiarism. It also allows publishers to verify the originality of published works. Pezzottaite Journals will become the member of CrossRef, where members co-operate to maintain a single database of published articles against which checking can take place.

Handling Allegations of Plagiarism

Pezzottaite Journals seeks to uphold academic integrity and to protect authors' moral rights. We take all cases of plagiarism very seriously. Pezzottaite Journals is also aware of the potential impact an allegation of plagiarism can have on a researcher's career. Therefore, we have procedures in place to deal with alleged cases of plagiarism.

In order for us to take an unbiased approach, we investigate each case thoroughly, seeking clarification from all affected parties. Pezzottaite Journals uses Plagiarism Detector to help inform us when an alleged case of plagiarism is brought to our attention. We planned to use iParadigms software (iThenticate) soon to check plagiarism.

In case, if we are approached by a third party with an allegation of plagiarism, we would always seek a response from the original author (s) or copyright holder (s) before we decide on a course of action. We will not be influenced by other parties and will form our decisions in an unbiased and objective manner.

Pezzottaite Journals is not obliged to discuss individual cases of alleged plagiarism with third parties. Pezzottaite Journals reserves the right not to proceed with a case if the complainant presents a false name or affiliation or acts in an inappropriate or threatening manner towards Pezzottaite Journals and staff.

Contact us at: contactus@pezzottaitejournals.net, If you have any concern, inquiry or want to report a plagiarism event.