This section provides you up to date information with general initiatives in the publishing industry that may be of interest to you as an author.


ORCID, Inc. aims to solve the author/contributor name ambiguity problem in scholarly communications by creating a central registry of unique identifiers for individual researchers and an open and transparent linking mechanism between ORCID and other current author ID schemes.

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These identifiers, and the relationships among them, can be linked to the researcher’s output to enhance the scientific discovery process and to improve the efficiency of research funding and collaboration within the research community. Their website is http://orcid.org/. ORCID is guided by a set of principles, available at http://www.orcid.org. These principles state that all profile data contributed to ORCID by researchers will be openly available (subject to their privacy settings), and that all software developed by ORCID will be publicly released under an Open Source Software license. Participation in ORCID is open to any organization that has an interest in scholarly communication. Over 150 organizations have already joined ORCID. Participating organizations are listed at http://orcid.org/directory.

ORCID is a non-profit organization, and in its start-up phase will rely on voluntary contributions from stakeholders from a variety of communities, including universities, libraries, scholarly societies, funding agencies, research organizations, and publishers. Many organizations are already contributing volunteer labour and start-up funds to help launch ORCID.


PEER (Publishing and the Ecology of European Research), supported by the EC eContentplus programme.

PEER will investigate the effects of the large-scale, systematic depositing of authors’ final peer-reviewed manuscripts (so called Green Open Access or stage-two research output) on reader access, author visibility, and journal viability, as well as on the broader ecology of European research. The project is collaboration between publishers, repositories and researchers and will last from 2008 to 2012.

Image: PEER (Publishing and the Ecology of European Research)

Peer-reviewed journals play a key role in scholarly communication and are essential for scientific progress and European competitiveness. The publishing and research communities share the view that increased access to the results of EU-funded research is necessary to maximize their use and impact. However, they hold different views on whether mandated deposit in open access repositories will achieve greater use and impact. There are also differences of opinion as to the most appropriate embargo periods. No consensus has been reached on a way forward so far.

The lack of consensus on these key issues stems from a lack of clear evidence of what impact the broad and systematic archiving of research outputs in open access repositories might be, but PEER aims to change this. For more information about the PEER project, please visit www.peerproject.eu/about/.


COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) is a UK-based charity representing more than 3,500 editors of scientific journals.

Image: COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics)

COPE seeks to provide a forum for editors of peer-reviewed journals to discuss issues related to the integrity of the scientific record. It supports and encourages editors to report, catalog, and instigate investigations into ethical problems in the publication process. It also provides guidelines and an advisory code of conduct in matters relating to suspected breaches of research and publication ethics. COPE's major objective is to provide a sounding board for editors who are struggling with how best to deal with possible breaches in research and publication ethics. COPE also provides some resources for authors: www.publicationethics.org/about/guide/authors.


CrossCheck, powered by iThenticate, is an initiative designed to help publishers actively engage in efforts to prevent scholarly misconduct, and specifically unattributed copying of previously published work.

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iThenticate software checks content uploaded by a journal editorial office against a database of periodicals, theInternet, and a comprehensive article database. It returns a similarity report which details percentage overlap between the uploaded article and published content. The check can be performed either through ScholarOne Manuscripts or by uploading an article using the iThenticate website. The software is designed to be used as a tool to assist journal editors, in cooperation with the publisher, to make an informed decision on papers.

The reports produced are comprehensive, with matching text highlighted in the submitted manuscript and parallel reading panes, making comparison between documents easy.

Any instances of content overlap are treated according to a journal’s peer review integrity statement and the policies recommended by the Committee on Publishing Ethics (COPE).

More information about the initiative can be found at www.crossref.org/crosscheck.html;


CrossMark is a service provided by CrossRef. By applying the CrossMark logo to their content, publishers are asserting that they will provide stewardship of the content, by updating and correcting it as necessary. This will:

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  • Allow you (as a reader) to determine whether you are reading a copy of a scholarly document that is maintained by the publisher;
  • Allow you to ascertain the current status of an article (e.g. whether there has been a correction, clarification, or retraction since it was first published);
  • Allow you (as a reader) to access extra, non-bibliographic metadata that is deemed important to the article you are reading (e.g. funding information, clinical trial numbers, information about the peer-review process, or a summary of the publication history of the document).

For further information, see www.crossref.org/crossmark/index.html.